Coping effectively with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) requires a good understanding of the essential OCD facts around causes, diagnosis and treatment of this disorder. Here are the top OCD facts you need to know.
1. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder. People affected by this mental illness experience severe anxiety as the result of obsessive thoughts. Often, rituals or compulsions are used reduce the anxiety caused by obsessions.
2. Most people with OCD have insight into their symptoms; that is, they recognize the irrationality or excessiveness of obsessions and/or compulsions. This can be one of the most frustrating aspects of the disorder.
3. OCD affects about 2.5% of people over their lifetime. There is no difference in the rate of OCD among men and women. People of all cultures and ethnicity are affected.
4. The symptoms of OCD usually start in adolescence and early adulthood; however, children as young as 4 can be affected. Although rare, OCD can also begin in late adulthood.gene has not been identified. Developing OCD is the result of a complex interaction between life experience and genetic risk factors. diagnosed using a blood-test or x-ray. Diagnosis is done by a trained mental health professional such as psychiatrist or psychologist using diagnostic criteria and clinical experience. The symptoms of OCD can resemble other illnesses so it is important to seek professional help. Effective treatments are available. These include medications such as Prozac (Fluoxetine), Zoloft (Sertraline), Paxil (Paroxetine), and Anafranil (Clomipramine) that affect levels of serotonin, as well as psychotherapies including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Medication and psychotherapy appear to work about equally as well.
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Schruers, K., Koning, K., Luermans, J., Haack, M. J., & Griez, E. "Obsessive-compulsive disorder: a critical review of therapeutic perspectives". Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica 15 February 2005 111:261-271. 01 September 2008.